Tuesday, December 06, 2016
Monday, December 05, 2016
I could have sworn that someone twitted, “If you like your lies, you can keep your lies.” Well, if no one else did, I just did.
@ron_fournier And New York Times fake news targets...whom? "No Americans died while trying to find Bo Bergdahl?" BIG LIE. 6 soldiers died.— Brooks A. Mick (@SailFree) December 5, 2016
@ron_fournier You mean like how Walter Duranty reported USSR propaganda as fact in the NY Times? Oh, nevermind. He won a Pulitzer for that.— Deplorable John 🇺🇸 (@ScienceHoffman) December 6, 2016
MISTRIAL! A new report says that a MAJORITY of the jurors were undecided. A rumor reported on Fox News is that the prosecution MAY drop the murder charge and only retry him on the manslaughter charge.
N.S.: From 11-1 voting to convict, with one white juror “undecided”; to the judge trying to throw the white holdout off the jury panel; to it being the lone back juror demanding the purge; to the white holdout saying he will never be moved to vote for conviction; to the majority of jurors (i.e., at least seven) being “undecided” (i.e., for acquittal), these different stories cannot all have been true, even at the times they were reported. Some people have been lying about what is going on in the jury room, in order to manipulate the public, and the jurors themselves.
Hilarious Trump Christmas Parody “It’s The Most Wonderful ...
Goodbye Obama! This wonderful, hilarious Christmas song parody says it all! - - Based on Andy Williams' performance of "It's the Most Wonderful Time of the Year" It ...
Baltimore: Fu Tan Klan Mistrial! Owner of Chinese Take-Out Gets Hung Jury in Trial for Shooting One of His Raceless Customers
“The trial of a West Baltimore Chinese carryout owner accused of shooting one of his customers has ended in a mistrial. Local news media outlets report that a judge declared a mistrial in Fu Tan’s attempted-murder case on Friday after jurors failed to rea
Mistrial for carryout owner accused of shooting customer
A Baltimore restaurant owner testified earlier this week he was trying to scare off unruly customers when he fired his handgun three times into the ground in February.
Sunday, December 04, 2016
Round ‘Em Up, Perp Walk ‘Em, and Prosecute ‘Em! Nearly 100 Communist Gangsters in Control of “Catholic Universities” Have Announced that They Will Conspire to Commit Federal Felonies, Harboring Illegal Aliens
Nearly 100 Catholic universities pledge support for undocumented [sic] students
"Catholic universities across the county banded together in solidarity with undocumented students as so-called sanctuary schools."
I was raised a credal Catholic.
This is just one more reason why I refuse to return to the Church.
Believe It or Not! Emmy-Award-Winning, Veteran ABC News Reporter, Who Has been on Twitter for Five Years and Made 21,500 Tweets, Says She Has Never Heard of Censorship on Twitter!
By Nicholas Stix
(I had tried to RT her tweet about the fatal warehouse fire in Oakland that killed up to 40 people at an illegal party.)
@kemrichardson7 @ABC7NY I follow many media outlets, and TRY to RT most major stories I see.— Nicholas Stix (@NicholasStix) December 5, 2016
“Kemberly RichardsonVerified account
“Kemberly Richardson is an Emmy Award winning journalist at Eyewitness News, Ch 7 WABC-TV in New York City. Dont let the easy , breezy style fool you : )”
Saturday, December 03, 2016
Good Anti-Semitism vs. Bad Anti-Semitism: Why It’s O.K. for the Democrat National Committee to Have a Genocidal Anti-Semite as Its Chairman
Many wealthy Jews seem to have a death wish. Why else would they support flooding the country with hundreds of millions of Third-World anti-Semites, including Moslems?! Or is it that they engage in class war with working and middle-class Jews and white gentiles, using blacks, Hispanics, etc., as their goons? Are these even mutually incompatible possibilities?
As for the notion that rich Jews hate gentiles, well maybe, but they have many hatreds. As do we all.
At Ex-Army Libertarian Nationalist.
I just happened to be listening to John Williams’ beautiful score to Wayne’s Western classic, The Cowboys (1972), when this picture popped up on my Twit timeline.
"He really got into it. The tree decoration was something fun we all did together." — Ethan Wayne pic.twitter.com/R5NYQGuVda— John Wayne Official (@JohnDukeWayne) December 3, 2016
What a towering performance Wayne gave in that picture. He should have been up for Best Actor.
Just imagine trying to make The Cowboys today. Who could possibly star in it? No one alive today could fill John Wayne’s boots. Why, it would be like making a remake of True Grit!
You have to click on the pix, to get the joke.
We Must Always Focus on Ancient White Racism, Except When We Focus on Non-Existent, Contemporary White Racism!
During the mid-1990s, as blacks committed daily racist outrages by the thousands, Ted Koppel focused on a white race riot in Tulsa over 70 years in the past, on his show, Nightline.
I never saw Koppel devote any shows to black racism. When he did shows on race in the present, it was always to promote race hoaxes, like the show he devoted in 1999 to “racial profiling” and the NYPD, starring hoaxer (i.e., fake news reporter) Kevin Newman.
Fake News at CBS News: Media Giant Posts Fake Tweet about Michael Slager Trial, then Posts Correction, then Sends Both Tweets Down the Memory Hole!
Late Friday afternoon, CBS News posted the following tweet, which I re-posted at this blog.
JUST IN: Judge in the trial of Michael Slager, officer who shot and killed Walter Scott, asks for undecided juror to be replaced.The CBS Evening News tweet did not link to any story.
— CBS Evening News (@CBSEveningNews) December 2, 2016
I then came across one or two stories elsewhere about a juror who “refused to deliberate.”
In the meantime, I found stories at CNN and NBC News, reporting that there was no “undecided” juror. Rather, there was a white man juror who was the lone refusenik who voted to acquit Michael Slager, and who told his colleagues that he was not going to change his mind, even after the judge ordered the jury to continue deliberating, I believe, three separate times.
In that context, “refuses to deliberate” would be a case of someone lying about the white man juror, and defining anyone in his way as “refusing to deliberate,” in an effort to get that juror thrown off the jury, in order to guarantee the railroading of Michael Slager.
Granted, I’m using my b.s. detector to decide between mutually incompatible stories, many of which keep disappearing!
Sometime tonight, between 12:30 and 1:00 a.m., I found a “correction” tweet on CBS News’ Twitter feed. The correction stated that it had not been [black] Judge Clifton Newman who had had an issue with the white man juror, and the juror had not been tossed. Rather, it was the [black] foreman, who had asked Judge Newman to toss the lone, white holdout.
Well, minutes after I found the correction it, too, disappeared into the ether. I tried in vain, to find it on CBS News’ Twitter feed, but Black Rock’s censor had sent it, too, down the memory hole.
Finally, I found the feed of T.J. Holmes, a black ABC News reporter:
I have frequently written of how the system of affirmative action/“diversity”/Jim Snow causes cascading failures.
A racist black man gets appointed, via affirmative action, or chosen by the local DPUSA machine to be a judge. There goes your court system. The John Doe calling himself “Barack Obama” and his henchmen declare war on white policemen, and dedicated public servants like Michael Slager find themselves in cuffs and shackles, based on radical new interpretations of the law.
A racist black judge names a racist black man, the only black on a 12-man jury, jury foreman, and the latter seeks to rig a murder trial, by asking his “brother,” the judge, to toss the one dissenting juror off the panel, so as to complete the racist farce.
The trial should have been declared a mistrial, but “the jury” (i.e., the racist, black foreman) has repeatedly fought the idea.
The jury will return on Monday at 9 a.m., to deliberate, so that the foreman can continue trying to intimidate, with the help of the other jurors, the holdout into submitting.
The trial appears to be rife with grounds for reversal, in the event of a conviction, but given that it is the current year, one cannot assume that any of those grounds will carry the day.
Michael Slager needs a mistrial.
Friday, December 02, 2016
This man is the current president of the Philippines. pic.twitter.com/N5P88WCa9O— Dr W❄️rm (@BasedDrWorm) December 3, 2016
Breaking News: Deadlocked Michael Slager Show Trial: Racist Black Judge Clifton Newman Tosses White Juror
JUST IN: Judge in the trial of Michael Slager, officer who shot and killed Walter Scott, asks for undecided juror to be replaced.— CBS Evening News (@CBSEveningNews) December 2, 2016
The Clintonstein Monster Seeks to Disenfranchise Trump Voters, and Steal the Election: A Modern Politico-Horror Thriller
RUNNING UPDATES ON RECOUNT IN MICH
Trump's attorneys had filed an objection to Jill Stein's recount petition with the election commission of Michigan. Per the Michigan Secretary of State, those objections have just been rejected and a recount has now been cleared to begin early next week, barring any new legal actions over the weekend.
Stein lives to fight another day.
Bill Schuette, a Republican, said in a statement that recounting all of the state's votes in the Nov. 8 presidential election "threatens to silence all Michigan votes for President," and criticized Green Party presidential nominee Jill Stein for what he called an "inexcusable" request.
Among other things, Schuette points out that with just around 1% of the vote in Michigan, Stein doesn't qualify as an "aggrieved" candidate, and is therefore not entitled to a recount. Meanwhile, he also notes that a hand recount would cost Michigan taxpayers millions, and put "voters at risk of being disenfranchised in the Electoral College."
As I've been noting, the goal is to drag this out and eliminate Trump's electoral votes. Nothing else...by CLINTONSTEIN.
By Nicholas Stix
We don’t know what the numbers are, but I’m sure of at least one juror voting to convict—the foreman, who just so happens to be the only black juror. (That was black Judge Clifton Newman’s decision.)
CNN personality Brooke Baldwin maintained of Walter Scott, “He was pulled over only for a broken tail light,” as if Officer Slager had improperly stopped Scott. This is Baldwin’s way to insinuate that the stop was a bad stop, that Officer Slager was racially profiling Scott, and that the policeman had bad intent, if not premeditation to murder Scott, when he pulled him over.
This is really pathetic. (I’m tempted to say, even by CNN’s low standards, but that would too charitable. With CNN, there is no bottom.) Brooke Baldwin is trying to convict Michael Slager in the court of public opinion, whatever may happen in criminal court.
More poison: Baldwin cited the testimony of a female crime scene investigator, who allegedly claimed that Slager had made contradictory statements about what happened between him and Walter Scott. However, Baldwin (or her scriptwriter) lied by omission, in not mentioning that Judge Newman permitted all police colleagues hostile to the defense to testify about their opinions, while barring almost all testimony by police personnel that might help the defense.
One possible explanation for the deadlock is is that sympathetic white jurors refuse to be party to a judicial lynching. Another possible explanation is that the jury is deadlocked over conflicting or ambiguous interpretations of the distinction between “murder” and “manslaughter.”
Judge Newman has ordered the jury to continue deliberations, until it arrives at a conviction, er, verdict.
Thursday, December 01, 2016
@TheFix Being displeased at the press' performance isn't a hit on the right to a free press.— Holden (@Holden114) December 2, 2016
Breaking News: DA: Black Policeman Brentley Vinson Acted Lawfully, in Shooting Black Criminal Keith Lamont Scott Dead
Re-posted by Nicholas Stix
If Officer Vinson were white, he'd already be under indictment by now, and Charlotte-Meck officials would be busy scheduling his show trial. But he had the good fortune to be born black.
Breaking News: District attorney determines that the police officer acted lawfully in using deadly force against Keith Lamont Scott pic.twitter.com/BCtFNIxFHR— Fox News (@FoxNews) November 30, 2016
Would-be Cop-Killer, or Suicide-by-Cop Death Keith Lamont Scott
Scott was the man whose racist, lying family, smelling ghetto lottery, had asserted had only had a cane and a book in his hands, rather than a gun.
Monday, November 28, 2016
There is only one black on the 12-man jury trying the Michael Slager-Walter Scott murder case, and yet black judge Clifton Newman appointed him jury foreman. And while Michael Slager’s defense team built their defense around showing, through expert witnesses, that:
1. Scott had cocaine in his system;
2. That cocaine can make one aggressive, and that that contributed to Scott’s repeated assaults of Officer Michael Slager;
3. That although Scott earned $50,000 per year from his job, he was not making any child support payments, thereby implying that Scott, an apparent lifelong cokehead, who was bounced out of the Coast Guard for it, was blowing all his money on blow; and
4. That Officer Slager had made statements immediately after shooting Scott to his supervisor that would aid in his defense, in helping jurors to understand his state of mind at the time…. [Meanwhile, Judge Newman had previously permitted other officers to testify for the prosecution about what Slager had said at the time.]
Judge Clifton Newman disallowed the witnesses’ testimony, and thus killed Slager’s defense.
Legal roadblocks meet defense for ex-North Charleston officer on trial in Walter Scott shooting
By Andrew Knapp and Brenda Rindge email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Updated Nov 25, 2016
Post & Courier
Frustration among lawyers representing former North Charleston patrolman Michael Slager was apparent Tuesday as a judge barred testimony considered key to the defense in his murder trial.
A doctor was not allowed to explain how Walter Scott’s cocaine use might have thrust him into a “fight or flight” situation, a possible alternative reason for why Scott ran from a traffic stop and resisted arrest. Prosecutors have said Scott was simply scared of going to jail.
Defense attorneys also could not ask the officer’s former supervisor what Slager said that day about a struggle with Scott and his ensuing decision to open fire.
Lead attorney Andy Savage argued that other officers had already testified for the prosecution about Slager's accounts. At one point, he turned to prosecutors, exasperated over their reasons for blocking the supervisor’s testimony.
“Is it too much trouble to ask what the problem is?” he asked while jurors were not in the courtroom. “I don’t have ESP.”
Three of five defense witnesses who took the stand Tuesday were not permitted to give certain testimony. Only one expert, who talked about the yellow paint on Scott’s cellphone and Slager’s Taser, went unchallenged altogether.
Twelve defense witnesses in all, including Police Chief Eddie Driggers, have testified over four days, but objections and the resulting orders from Circuit Judge Clifton Newman have scuttled elements that the defense saw as crucial. Slager's family members often watched and nodded [unless Slager's family members want him to go to prison, that should be "shook"] their heads at the rulings. The trend is expected to continue as prosecutors plan challenges of future witnesses.
When Newman excluded Slager’s statements to a supervisor, Savage twice asked the judge to reconsider. Newman rejected the lawyers' arguments and, a few times, refused to listen altogether.
“It’s just not admissible according to the law … and my view,” Newman said. “The rules as well.”
Much of the disputed testimony has centered on Scott’s character and others' opinions of Slager's handling of the episode that led to Scott's death. Earlier this week, prosecutors successfully objected to a witness who planned to testify that Scott had been fired from a job over a positive cocaine test. The defense also wanted to delve into Scott’s failure to pay child support while earning a $50,000 salary at the job.
“All (the defense) wants to do is smear Mr. Scott’s character,” Chief Deputy Solicitor Bruce Durant said at one point.
Slager's attorneys have said that Scott's actions and the policeman’s own predicament on April 4, 2015, forced him to open fire in self-defense even as Scott ran away. But they have struggled to reconcile that case with court rules that limit certain evidence and the judge’s interpretation of the standards.
The stakes are high. If he’s convicted of murder, Slager faces between 30 years and life in prison. The prosecution, meanwhile, has pushed back against the defense’s approach in a case that comes amid nationwide criticism of police uses of force against black people.
Officer ‘in shock’?
Slager pulled over Scott's car for a broken brake light.
The stop seemed normal. And Sgt. Ronald Webb, Slager’s supervisor who wasn’t on duty that day, said he had never heard any complaints of racial profiling against the officer. Race has been rarely mentioned during the trial.
“He was a very good officer,” Webb told the jurors.
But Scott soon ran, and the policeman chased him. Slager said Scott grabbed his Taser in the struggle that followed and turned it against him.
Dr. Thomas Owens, a medical examiner from Charlotte hired by the defense, said minor wounds on Scott's hands, arms and head indicated he had been in a struggle. But prosecutors objected to Owens discussing “excited delirium” in which users of drugs like cocaine can be thrust into aggressive behavior.
The defense had envisioned the testimony, coupled with toxicology results showing cocaine in Scott's body, as “actual evidence” of a possible reason for his resistance, attorney Donald McCune said. The prosecution had already speculated that Scott ran because of a child support arrest warrant, McCune argued, but the judge wouldn't allow the defense theory, dubbing it speculation.
Still, jurors learned that cocaine users tend to have a higher threshold for pain and can experience “euphoric excitement."
When Slager and Scott got back to their feet during the encounter, Scott started running again, a video filmed by an eyewitness showed.
The Taser bounced along the ground. Slager fired eight times; five bullets hit Scott.
To further show what happened before the shooting, along with Slager's rationale for resorting to lethal force, his defense team enlisted testimony from experts and the officers who once worked with him.
Webb said he went to the scene, where Slager demonstrated how Scott was alleged to have grabbed the officer’s Taser. But prosecutors argued that such testimony would be “self-serving” for a defendant like Slager, who has not testified himself. The judge agreed, adding that prosecution testimony from other officers had been corroborated by multiple policemen. Webb had talked to Slager one on one.
Instead, the questioning shifted to after the shooting. Webb was asked to describe the lawman’s demeanor, to say whether Slager was in shock.
“It’s like talking to someone who is acting like they’re … acknowledging you, but they’re not paying attention,” Webb said. “More like they’re in deep thought.”
“The lights were on; nobody was home?” Savage asked, evoking laughter in the courtroom.
“There you go,” the witness said.
‘Department … not on trial’
The defense team has stressed that Scott’s death arose from Slager’s job and that North Charleston Police Department polices had played into the officer’s dilemma that day.
Slager had been encouraged to make daily stops, he had little immediate backup to help him, and he went through limited training that exposed him to stressful situations when deciding whether to use force.
The officer suffered from those practices, the defense has said.
Video: Trace evidence expert says paint collected from Taser and phone from road at shooting site
To make one point, Savage handed the police chief a sheet that broke down how much money North Charleston brought in through the tickets that Slager issued over his career. The attorney offered it as an indication that officers' statistics were being watched.
“I have never seen this before,” Driggers said of the document.
Slager also had been left “alone by himself in a high-crime neighborhood,” Savage said. Four of the seven officers on the team were absent that day. With his partner busy on another call, Slager was patrolling the troublesome Charleston Farms community.
The police adopted minimum staffing standards for patrol units months ago, but Driggers said Scott's shooting didn’t prompt the change.
But, the police chief said, “There’s always lessons learned."
The judge had allowed Driggers’ testimony about policies despite the prosecution's stance that they were irrelevant to the case.
“The defense has a right to put on a defense according to the defense’s theory,” Newman said. He also issued caution, saying, “The department is not on trial, but Mr. Slager is.
"The jury has to determine this case."
But one point that the defense sees as important was conveyed Tuesday: that Slager had followed the rules before the shooting.
To Driggers, Slager's 14 uses of a Taser over his career "seemed high," the chief said. But his use of it against Scott last year was in line with policy.
Slager often leaned on the stun gun to bring down suspects, former New York City police official and Pace University criminal justice professor Darrin Porcher added in expert testimony for the defense. But Porcher said that Slager's past uses of a Taser seemed sound and that the officer had been right to use it against Scott, a suspect who had not complied with any commands to stop and had not been subdued with any other techniques.
But Porcher was asked only once about the shooting itself, the reason Slager wound up in jail.
“Even after the first shot," Savage said, "was there any indication of compliance?"
"No, sir," the defense witness said.
Prosecutors chose not to follow up.
Reach Andrew Knapp at 843-937-5414 or twitter.com/offlede.
Defense lays out its case in Slager murder trial
• Updated Nov 22, 2016
A paint analyst, a doctor with insight on cocaine use and Michael Slager's former supervisor testify Tuesday in his murder trial.
• Trace forensic expert William Schneck of Spokane, Wash., said the yellow paint found on Walter Scott’s cellphone and Michael Slager’s Taser was likely from the yellow road where the shooting occurred. Both items were likely damaged at the same time.
• Dr. Thomas Owens, a medical examiner from Charlotte hired by the defense, testified that scrapes, bruises and cuts on Scott’s hands, arms and head were consistent with Scott having been in a struggle.
• Owens also addressed toxicology reports showing cocaine and the byproduct of cocaine and alcohol in Scott’s body. Cocaine’s presence indicates recent use, he said.
• A judge would not allow Owens’ testimony on “excited delirium” in which drug users can be thrust into aggressive “fight or flight” behavior. The defense sought to offer it as an alternative to the prosecution’s theory about why Scott ran.
• Sgt. Ronald Webb, the supervisor of Slager’s patrol squad, was more hesitant to answer defense questions than he had been in a pretrial hearing, often saying he “wasn’t working that day.” Webb eventually went to the scene and talked with Slager, but he wasn’t allowed to testify about what the officer said. Prosecutors successfully argued that it was hearsay. The judge added that there was not enough information to corroborate the trustworthiness of Webb’s testimony. Defense lawyer Andy Savage, meanwhile, said it should be allowed because similar testimony about officers’ accounts was permitted and, “This is a search for the truth.”
• North Charleston Police Chief Eddie Driggers testified that Slager was not known to have ever violated department policies before the shooting and appeared to have followed the rules during the confrontation with Scott before the gunfire. He said Slager’s 14 past Taser uses, though, “sounds high to me.”
• Pace University criminal justice professor Darrin Porcher, a retired police misconduct investigator in New York City, testified that Slager’s use of a Taser before the shooting was proper. “Officer Slager was by himself. He’s chasing one suspect, and there’s another person in the auto,” Porcher said of Slager’s situation. The witness was asked only one question about the shooting that followed. He agreed that Scott had not complied with any of Slager’s commands, even after the first shot.
WATCH: North Charleston police officers testify in Michael Slager's defense
Watch the live stream of the murder trial of ex-North Charleston officer Michael Slager in the shooting death of Walter Scott and follow along with our live blog here.
By Nicholas Stix
Yesterday, there was sweet justice in Indianapolis, as black, 15-year-old armed robber, Roshun Johnson, used a computer app to lure a victim to a home in an apparently predominantly white neighborhood, and commenced to rob the man, who then turned the tables on the young thug, and shot him dead. And yet, at least three operatives at WRTV6/The Indy Channel are depicting the crime victim as a murderer, and the perp as a victim.
“Reporter” Liz Adeola and “digital producer” Victoria T. Davis @Victoria08Davis, both black, and a white female “reporter,” whose identity I have been unable to determine, all used language that reversed the roles of criminal perp and victim.
Liz Adeola, in her video, spoke of “the man admitting that he shot the teen” to police, emphasizing “admitting,” as if he were confessing to a crime.
Adeola also asserted “[police] said the man was lured here by a phone app.”
Phone apps don’t lure anyone. A person, presumably Roshun Johnson, lured the vic to the home, using the app.
[In what follows, all emphases by me.]
A second “reporter,” the white woman, asserted, “Police say it all started with a fight between Roshun and the eventual shooter.”
When did an armed robbery become “a fight”?
Adeola: “Police say it all started with a fight between Roshun and the eventual shooter. Who police say was lured here by a phone app. Roshun pulled out a gun, but the suspect shot first.”
“Shooter” and “suspect” are euphemisms for perp. But Roshun Johnson was the perp.
In Victoria T. Davis’ version, she wrote,
“Detectives said five to six teens were having a sleepover at the home when a person not associated with the group came up to the house and shot Johnson before leaving the scene.Victoria T. Davis is treating Roshun Davis, as if he were a murder victim.
[This makes it sound like the vic was an assassin!]
There was one adult in the home sleeping during the time of the incident, police said.
Detectives believe the suspect was lured to the home using a phone app. Police say Johnson pulled out a gun and threatened the suspect.
Once Johnson started to search the suspect, the suspect fired shots, according to police.
[“Search”: Johnson didn’t begin to “search the suspect,” he began to rob the victim! Police or security guards search a suspect.]
A motive for the shooting has not been discovered by police, but the other teens in the home were questioned.
[Of course, police discovered a motive for the shooting—self-defense!]
Johnson was one of three people shot and killed on Sunday.
Davis used the word “suspect” no fewer than six times in a brief story, to describe the victim, and there were three other instances of its use on the same page, for other stories on the same incident.
The three female WRTV6/The Indy Channel operatives are trying to railroad a crime victim. And that they would do that, tells me that the vic is white. They wouldn’t knowingly do that to a black man.
Note that although the white female operative was also bad, she was nowhere near as bad as her black colleagues. She at least showed some white neighbors talking about the criminality that was routine at the house in question, which was clearly supported by the adults (parents?) that lived there. One middle-aged white man said that the teenagers would fire .22s in the backyard, and an elderly white lady said, “Something must go on, to have the police called every day.”
The WRTV6/The Indy Channel operatives had no interest in investigating the background of the dead perp, his connection to the home, his criminal associates, or the people who owned or rented the home.
Postscript, Saturday, December 3, 2016: A Website, Gun Memorial, falsely claims that Roshun Johnson was “lost to gun violence,” as opposed to having died committing gun violence.